Fan Zhongyan Quotes
Fan Zhongyan (Chinese ???) (5 September 989 – 19 June 1052) from Wu County ?? of Suzhou ?? (Jiangsu Province, China), courtesy name Xiwen ??, ratified as the Duke of Wenzheng ??? posthumously, and conferred as Duke of Chu ??? posthumously, is one of the most prominent figures in the history of China, as a founder of Neo-Confucianism, and a great statesman, philosopher, writer, educator, military strategist, and philanthropist. Fan lived almost 1,000 years ago during the Song Dynasty, when China was at the peak of its economic, social, and cultural development, with the world’s largest economy and biggest population at the time. Fan rose to a seat of Chancellor over the entire Chinese empire, after serving the central government of China for some years. Fan’s legacy is so powerful that it has exerted profound and indelible impact on the Chinese civilization and changed the course of the Chinese history, and his philosophies and advocacy have become a core and significant component of the Chinese culture. While Fan spent most of his time governing China, his teachings, including "Be the first to bear the world's hardship, and the last to enjoy its comfort" (???????????????), have been inspiring Chinese people for a thousand years. Fan is considered a Saint in China by some people, after the other two Saints Confucius and Mencius from almost 2,500 years ago.
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